SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 530

Source: US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Note:  The expiration time in the watch graphic is amended if the watch is replaced, cancelled or extended.Note: Click for Watch Status Reports.

Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 530
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
955 PM CDT Sat Oct 23 2021

The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a

* Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of
Southern Iowa
Northeast Kansas
Northern Missouri
Southeast Nebraska

* Effective this Saturday night and Sunday morning from 955 PM
until 500 AM CDT.

* Primary threats include…
Scattered large hail events to 1.5 inches in diameter likely

SUMMARY…Thunderstorms will continue to develop across northeast
Kansas and much of northern Missouri into southeast Nebraska and
southern Iowa late this evening into the overnight. The strongest
storms will be capable of large hail.

The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 60
statute miles north and south of a line from Beatrice NE to 15 miles
east southeast of Kirksville MO. For a complete depiction of the
watch see the associated watch outline update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU0).


REMEMBER…A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are
favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area.
Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening
weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible
warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce


AVIATION…A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to
1.5 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 50 knots. A
few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 450. Mean storm motion vector


Note: The Aviation Watch (SAW) product is an approximation to the watch area. The actual watch is depicted by the shaded areas.
WW 530 SEVERE TSTM IA KS MO NE 240255Z – 241000Z

LAT…LON 41169675 40889229 39159229 39419675


Watch 530 Status Report Message has not been issued yet.

Note:  Click for Complete Product Text.TornadoesProbability of 2 or more tornadoes

Low (

SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 530 Status Reports

Source: US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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SPC Oct 24, 2021 0100 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook

Source: US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Oct 24, 2021 0100 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook
Updated: Sun Oct 24 00:47:25 UTC 2021 (Print Version |   |  )
Probabilistic to Categorical Outlook Conversion Table

 Forecast Discussion

SPC AC 240047

Day 1 Convective Outlook
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0747 PM CDT Sat Oct 23 2021

Valid 240100Z – 241200Z


Large hail is expected with thunderstorms late tonight across
portions of the central Plains and Lower Missouri Valley region.

…01Z Update…

…Northeast KS/Southeast NE/Far Southwest IA/Northern MO…
Recent surface analysis places a low near DDC, with a warm front
extending east-northeastward from this low across southern KS.
Additionally, area VAD profiles and SPC mesoanalysis continue to
show increasing low-level flow throughout the warm sector to the
south of this warm front. This low-level flow is expected to
continue strengthening as the surface low slowly moves
northeastward. Persistent warm-air advection along this frontal zone
will promote the development of elevated thunderstorms in an arc
from the eastern KS/NE border vicinity eastward across northern MO.
Mid-level lapse rates (sampled well by the 00Z TOP sounding) are
expected to steep enough to support moderate buoyancy and robust
persistent updrafts. Effective bulk shear of 40-50 kt and modest
hodograph curvature within the storm inflow layer will support the
potential for embedded/elevated supercells capable of producing
occasional large hail tonight.

…Far East-Central TX Panhandle/Far Western OK…
Lone supercell in Wheeler and Collingsworth Counties in the far
east-central TX Panhandle may persist for the hour or so before
nocturnal stabilization leads to weakening. Until then, isolated
hail and/or an isolated damaging wind gust may occur.

..Mosier.. 10/24/2021


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Remarks by FDIC Chairman Jelena McWilliams at the 2021 Community Bankers Symposium

Source: US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC

Thank you for your participation in this symposium.  Though I wish we could have held this event in person, I am grateful to everyone who helped to organize and who participated in this event.  Especially in times like these, it is critical for us to come together to celebrate the successes of our community banks and address the challenges they face.


At the FDIC, we observe in our daily work the vital role that community banks play in their local communities and in the U.S. economy overall.  Based on the results of our Community Bank Study, we know community banks held 36 percent of the banking sector’s small business loans as of year-end 2019, despite holding only 12 percent of banking sector assets.


Along these lines, community banks held almost one-third of commercial real estate (CRE) loans in 2019, and held a whopping 70 percent of farm loans at commercial banks. We also saw that among the banks participating in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), community banks in particular had an outsized impact on their customers and communities.


To say that community banks are often the financial lifeblood of minority, rural, and low- and moderate-income communities is not an exaggeration.  Today, there are 608 counties in the United States where one or more community banks are the only FDIC-insured institutions physically present in the community.


Despite their notable lending strengths and presence through our country, we know that many community banks struggle to remain competitive given technological changes and the demands of increasingly tech-savvy consumers.  At the same time, many disadvantaged communities continue to struggle economically, including as a result of the disproportionate impact of the pandemic.  And despite much improvement over the past decade, we continue to have 7 million unbanked households in the United States, translating into many more individuals who do not have a basic banking relationship.


US Department of Labor finds Mississippi concrete products manufacturer, distributor ignored safety measures in Drummonds

Source: US Department of Labor

DRUMMONDS, TN – The death of a 67-year-old worker at a Drummonds worksite in April 2021 might have been prevented had their employer not ignored federal workplace requirements, a U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation has found.

Investigators determined the employee of Mississippi Limestone Corp., a Friars Point, Mississippi, concrete products manufacturer and distributor, was trying to repair a rock hopper of a mobile concrete plant when he became engulfed in rock. OSHA cited the company for not evaluating the workplace to determine that spaces – such as the rock hopper – were permit-required confined spaces. Investigators also found the company failed to establish a written permit space program for workers, did not provide employees with adequate training and failed to implement an energy control program for workers conducting maintenance on the concrete batch plant.

In addition, OSHA cited Mississippi Limestone Corp. for willfully exposing workers to fall hazards by not installing a stair rail system on the open side of the batch plant. Mississippi Limestone also failed to train and evaluate each powered industrial truck operator, and to remove unsafe vehicles from service as required.

Mississippi Limestone faces $118,200 in proposed penalties.

“Mississippi Limestone’s failure to comply with safety and health requirements exposed workers to life-threatening hazards that led to the loss of a man’s life,” said OSHA Area Director William Cochran in Nashville, Tennessee. “Putting workers’ safety and health in jeopardy should never be an option. OSHA will hold employers accountable and ensure they meet their legal obligation to protect workers on the job.”

In addition to the citations for Mississippi Limestone, OSHA issued a notice to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers with one serious violation for exposing workers to amputation, asphyxiation and crushing hazards by failing to ensure confined space entry was allowed only through compliance with a permit-required confined space program. A notice for a second serious violation was issued to the Corps for failing to ensure outside personnel were informed of their respective energy control procedures.

Based in Friars Point, Mississippi Limestone Corp. manufactures concrete products and distributes limestone, sand and gravel. The company performs contract-based concrete product manufacturing for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to maintain supplies of articulated concrete mattresses, used for erosion control in connection with the Mississippi River Corps of Engineers Channel Improvement program.

Under Executive Order 12196, federal agencies must comply with the same safety and health standards as private sector employers covered under the OSH Act. The federal agency equivalent to a private sector citation is the Notice of Unsafe and Unhealthful Working Conditions, commonly called “the notice.” The OSHA notice is used to inform establishment officials of violations of OSHA standards, alternate standards and 29 Code of Federal Regulations citable program elements. OSHA cannot propose monetary penalties against another federal agency for failure to comply with OSHA standards.

The company has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and penalties to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA’s area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA’s role is to ensure these conditions for America’s workers by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. Learn more about OSHA.

Share Your #CyberCareerWeek Stories

Source: US Government research organizations

Credit: Shutterstock

#MyCyberJob  #CyberCareerWeek
October 18-23, 2021

Happy Friday and Day 5 of Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week!

The celebration isn’t over yet! It’s not too late to share how you’ve been participating in Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week. Be sure to use hashtags #cybercareerweek and #mycyberjob.

Join in on the social media fun! Here are some examples from the community:

Credit: Minnesota IT Services

Minnesota IT Services shared on Twitter a link to a YouTube video of the state’s CISO speaking about the need for cybersecurity professionals.

Credit: Cyber Security Agency of Singapore

The Cyber Security Agency of Singapore shared a LinkedIn post about an event highlighting stories from the Community in Singapore and Australia

Credit: UWF

 The University of West Florida Center for Cybersecurity shared a quote on Instagram from their Associate Vice President about what drew her to the cybersecurity field.

Credit: CISCI Secure

Cisco Secure shared a Facebook post with a link to their blog on empowering women in cybersecurity.

Still happening! 

Don’t forget the Careers in Cybersecurity Poster Contest!
Entries close November 12, 2021

Calling all K-12 youth! Draw a picture of your idea of a Cybersecurity Superhero that shows how they secure and protect our world. The goal of the poster contest is to engage young people in learning more about careers in cybersecurity through the creation of posters. CyberHeroComics and Fortinet believes that young people know best how to craft messages and the images that will resonate with their peers.

Learn more at: https://www.cyberheroescomics.com/

Information and Updates

Learn more about events and resources in support of
Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week at nist.gov/nice/ccaw.

Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week is led by the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 

Statement of Agency Climate Change Coordinator, Gillian Caldwell, before the House Subcommittee on Europe, Energy, the Environment and Cyber, International Development, International Organizations and Global Corporate Social Impact

Source: USAID

Chairman Castro, Chairman Keating, Ranking Members Malliotakis and Fitzpatrick, Distinguished Members of these Subcommittees: Thank you for the opportunity to testify about U.S. efforts to combat climate change through international development.

As an Agency that addresses the world’s toughest challenges, no challenge poses a greater threat to our planet than climate change. The scientific record is clear that carbon pollution is heating our planet — threatening our health, safety, economy, and security. As the overwhelming scientific consensus in the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report confirmed, if unchecked, the consequences of climate change will be catastrophic to life in the United States and in every country on the planet. A blanket of pollution has been created around the earth. This blanket traps heat and is dangerously heating the planet. Even if the world bands together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero tomorrow, the impacts of climate change are already here and are not going away – from punishing storms and devastating floods to grueling droughts, extreme heat waves, and raging wildfires.

The good news is we know how to solve this – by switching to cleaner and cheaper energy and conserving forests and other natural buffers against climate change. But the world has a narrow window remaining to avoid the worst-case scenarios. However, climate change is not just an existential threat – it is a major strategic opportunity for the U.S. A global green economy offers a massive investment opportunity for U.S. businesses, new markets for American science and technology, and new jobs in cutting-edge sectors.

This is why President Biden has made addressing the climate crisis a top priority for the U.S. Government and for USAID. I am honored to step into the role of Agency Climate Coordinator to guide USAID’s efforts to combat climate change at this pivotal moment, and I look forward to working with both of these Subcommittees and Congress to further this important mission.

Next month, world leaders will convene at COP26 in Glasgow to update the commitments made under the Paris Agreement in 2015. The unfortunate reality is that the existing country pledges fall short of what is needed to rein in the climate crisis. U.S. global leadership in securing and implementing more ambitious emission reduction and climate finance commitments at COP26 is essential for limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and setting the world on a more sustainable pathway.

USAID plays a vital role in mitigating climate change and addressing its impacts by partnering with more than 45 countries to implement locally-led ambitious emissions reduction measures, protect critical ecosystems, transition to renewable energy, build resilience against the impacts of climate change, and promote the flow of capital toward climate-positive investments. We are also integrating climate considerations across USAID’s portfolio to protect development progress. We work with developing countries to make their climate commitments a reality through our international development and humanitarian assistance programs and partnership — supporting countries and local communities with the long-term technical assistance and capacity building necessary to make transformative shifts in energy systems, natural resource management, agriculture, and other key sectors.

For example, we have partnered with countries like Colombia, India, and Kazakhstan to lay the groundwork for large-scale renewable energy adoption by helping to revise policies and regulations, build technical capacity, and mobilize investors. With our support, the Government of Colombia recently held the country’s first ever renewable energy auction, which attracted $2 billion in private investment for new large-scale renewable energy plants, including more than $250 million of U.S. private sector investment.

In countries like Indonesia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Vietnam, USAID is partnering with governments and local communities to combat climate change by protecting forests and other critical carbon sinks — the lungs of the planet. For example, USAID has partnered with the Government of Vietnam on a series of programs that conserve forests since 2007. USAID’s support has helped enable the government to mobilize millions for conservation through payments-for forest-environmental-services by local businesses and utilities that benefit from these services. The program now mobilizes $127 million of domestic revenue annually for forest protection and is expanding to cover 6 million hectares of forest.

However, even our most ambitious emission reduction efforts will not change the stark reality that the impacts of climate change are already happening. The climate crisis is sowing instability, precipitating threats to our national security, and jeopardizing the progress we have made with the taxpayer dollars Congress has invested in global development, prosperity, and security.

Nearly one-third of the world’s population depends on climate-sensitive activities like agriculture and fisheries for their livelihoods. Climate change could push 100 million people into poverty by 2030 and displace over 1 billion people by 2050, with the most vulnerable groups hit the hardest. What will these people do and where will they go if climate change washes away their homes or dries up their livelihoods and opportunities?

USAID works on the ground with many of the world’s most vulnerable countries and communities to reduce risks and adapt to climate change. We work with local farmers, national governments, and everyone in between to make food, water, health, and infrastructure systems more resilient to the impacts of a changing climate. As the lead federal coordinator for international disaster assistance, we also work closely with partner countries and communities to improve disaster preparedness and resilience in the face of increased climate hazards. For example, we partner with countries to strengthen early warning systems for climate hazards including through access to real-time data and training, improving the capacity of institutions, communities, and governments to proactively address risks to natural hazards and disasters. In the past three years alone, climate-related disasters have cost the world $650 billion. Investments in climate adaptation and readiness save lives and it saves money. Every dollar invested in adaptation over the next decade will yield at least three times the return in net benefits.

At USAID, we face the difficult challenge of needing to simultaneously confront the most urgent demands of the climate crisis in the here and now, while also supporting long-term transformative changes in key systems like energy and agriculture that are necessary to put the world on a more sustainable trajectory.

To guide our efforts to confront these complex challenges, USAID is developing an ambitious new Climate Strategy that reflects the prioritization and urgency needed to address the global climate crisis. Our new strategy will mark an important shift in strategic focus for USAID. Rather than viewing climate change as “just an environmental issue”, the new strategy will acknowledge the reality that climate change touches all parts of USAID’s portfolio, from governance and economic growth to health, human rights and conflict. Under our previous strategy, we took a targeted approach to learn and make progress in specific areas. Under our new strategy, we will move to an agency-wide and holistic approach to achieve results at massive scales

The new strategy which will guide our activities through 2030 centers on two main strategic objectives: Addressing the most immediate demands in the here and now – from supporting the most vulnerable communities suffering climate impacts today to helping fast-growing emerging economies make big cuts in emissions. USAID will respond to the urgency of the moment and target climate mitigation and adaptation efforts in the near-term in priority countries and contexts to have maximum impact. We will also focus on using our climate mitigation and adaptation funds to leverage substantial additional investments from the private sector.

Supporting long-term, transformative changes in key systems – like agricultural, energy, and transportation – that will be neither easy nor quick. In this area, USAID will take a systems approach to achieve these long-term transformations in ways that are equitable, inclusive, and locally-led.

These objectives are not mutually exclusive. USAID will endeavor to achieve both in parallel or, at times, sequentially, through a series of intermediate results.

This strategy – along with our new Climate Readiness Plan and forthcoming Sustainability Plan – will also guide USAID’s efforts to do our part through reforming USAID’s own operations to strengthen the diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility of the Agency’s climate workforce, improve resilience and reduce emissions from our facilities and operations, and update our social safeguard policies among other changes. We are likewise centering our programmatic work under our Climate Strategy in principles of equity, inclusion, and locally-led development. We are strongly committed to partnering with Indigenous Peoples, women, and youth, all of whom are well placed to make their own, unique and essential contribution to combating climate change. We will work with vulnerable populations to reduce climate harms and support empowerment and equitable solutions.

Our new strategy will ensure that USAID’s programs and investments are effectively aligned with the significant challenges that confront us while drawing on our strengths as the world’s leading bilateral development agency. USAID’s strategy is closely aligned with broader US Government strategic efforts and will complement and reinforce the work of our interagency partners, including the State Department, US International Development Finance Corporation, and the Millennium Challenge Corporation. We will also take advantage of USAID’s deep on-the-ground networks and long-standing in-country programs to leverage the expertise of more domestically focused agencies, such as the Departments of Energy, Transportation and Agriculture, to marry cutting-edge American science and innovation with local capacity and conditions to solve complex challenges.

Finally, let me emphasize the fact that our work overseas benefits the middle class here at home. As we look to build back our economy and become a leader in global manufacturing of clean energy, USAID is helping to open the world’s most rapidly expanding markets for those goods and services. As we work to better address core drivers of migration, USAID is partnering with communities across the globe to prepare for and respond to the climate impacts driving people from their homes. And as we continue to recover from a record-breaking year of extreme weather events here in the U.S., we note that climate change knows no borders. Failure to act globally to tackle the climate crisis has already led to dire impacts locally.

Fully confronting the climate crisis overseas will require large-scale investments to transform economies, reshape energy, food, and transport systems and spur the restoration of forests and other carbon-rich landscapes. President Biden’s recent commitment to increase U.S. public climate financing to $11 billion for developing countries, quadrupling the U.S. commitment from Obama-era levels by 2024 is a major step forward and will help catalyze larger investments from other nations.

USAID is playing a key role in the U.S. Government’s first-ever U.S. International Climate Finance Plan, which was released earlier this year. Our new Climate Strategy is being designed to complement and align with the U.S. International Climate Finance Plan and to build on our strong field presence and in-country relationships. Under these strategic frameworks, USAID will leverage additional climate financing from a wide range of partners – global and local, public and private – and guide them to the most effective solutions on the ground. For example, USAID programs like Green Invest Asia will mobilize an estimated $400 million of private finance into sustainable commodity production by 2022.

Recognizing that this decade is pivotal for confronting the climate crisis, USAID’s new strategy will run through 2030 and will set aggressive timelines and ambitious targets for reducing global emissions, supporting people in adapting to climate impacts, and mobilizing climate financing for developing countries. We will be holding ourselves accountable for achieving those results by ensuring we have near term targets for achievement by the end of the President’s first term and by announcing them to the world when our draft strategy is released at COP26.

We look forward to engaging in an ongoing partnership with Congress as we finalize the strategy and ramp up efforts to address this global crisis.

Thank you to this subcommittee and Congress for your support of USAID’s climate efforts. We need your support to address this existential threat.

I look forward to your questions.

Watch Out for False Promises About So-Called Alzheimer’s Cures

Source: US Food and Drug Administration


These products are promoted with unapproved claims to prevent, treat or cure Alzhimer’s disease. FDA warns consumers to avoid unproven and potentially unsafe products sold as treatments for Alzheimer’s disease.

Chances are, you know someone with Alzheimer’s disease or a related dementia involving memory loss. That’s due in part to the fact that as our older population grows, so does the number of people facing serious cognitive and related health issues.

Not surprisingly, this demographic change has been accompanied by a growth in the number of marketers who prey on this population, pitching products that make unproven claims that they can prevent, treat, delay, or even cure Alzheimer’s disease.

These purported miracle cures are sold primarily on the Internet. They are often, though not always, falsely labeled as dietary supplements. Regardless of their form, these products fly in the face of true science. What these companies are selling is the false hope that there is an effective treatment or cure.

At best, the products offered by these scam artists will have no effect on the patient; at worst they may pose a danger to a patient who takes them. Not only will they not do what they claim, the ingredients in these products may interact with, and potentially interfere with, essential medications. Furthermore, these products have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for safety and effectiveness. These products are a waste of money and may also delay consumers from receiving the necessary care and support for their illness.

Look Out For Unproven Claims about Alzheimer’s Treatments

Remember the saying, “if it seems too good to be true, it probably is?” Unfortunately, when faced with a serious health issue, even the most rational person can be led to believe implausible claims. Indeed, that’s what companies selling fake treatments count on.

One of best ways to protect yourself from fake treatments is to ask whether the claim seems too promising and if it contradicts what you’ve heard from reputable sources about treatments for Alzheimer’s disease. Companies selling unproven Alzheimer’s treatments often include a range of unsupported and expansive claims about the supposed healing powers of their products. These includes statements such as:

  • “You can even reverse mental decline associated with dementia or even Alzheimer’s in just a week;”
  • “Clinically shown to help disease of the brain such as Alzheimer’s and even dementia;”
  • “Supplements are used to cure Alzheimer’s disease;”
  • “can … reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s by half;”
  • “May have a role in preventing the progression of Alzheimer’s;” and
  • “Clinically shown to help disease of the brain such as Alzheimer’s and even dementia.”

Another red flag is that many of the claims made by these companies about the supposedly curative powers of their products are often not limited to Alzheimer’s disease. Consumers should steer clear of products that claim to cure or treat a broad range of unrelated diseases.

How to Protect Yourself

Here are some other ways to protect yourself and others from fake Alzheimer’s treatments:

  • Question any product that also claims to be a “scientific breakthrough.” Companies marketing these products take advantage of people when they are most vulnerable and often looking for a miracle cure.
  • Always check with your doctor or health care professional before buying or using any over-the-counter product, including those labeled as dietary supplements.

A great deal of scientific research is being conducted on Alzheimer’s disease, but at this point, no cure or treatment have been shown to stop or reverse the progression of the disease. Several prescription drugs have been approved by the FDA to treat people who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Most medicines work best for people in the early or middle stages of Alzheimer’s, and can slow down some symptoms, such as memory loss, for a time. But none of these medications stops the disease itself.

Treatment development and FDA-approval requires clinical research and testing to ensure that any new drugs are both effective and safe. For patients interested in accessing investigational drugs, there are legal ways to do so, such as by taking part in clinical trials.

FDA Protects Consumers from Companies Selling Unapproved New Drugs

The FDA takes action against companies marketing unapproved new drugs that claim to prevent, diagnose, treat or cure Alzheimer’s disease and a number of other diseases and health conditions.

The FDA issues warning letters to advise the companies to change or remove claims about their products that render the products misbranded or otherwise illegally marketed, and if the companies don’t comply, the FDA may take further legal action to prevent the products from reaching consumers.

If you know of a product or supplement (other than approved drugs) being advertised or sold as treatment for Alzheimer’s or other diseases, you can report it on FDA’s website.

Smokey Bear – A Short History of the New Mexico Bear Cub

Source: US Global Legal Monitor

Growing up in the southwest in the 1960s and 1970s, I was keenly aware of the dangers of forest fires and remember the images and campaigns headed up by Smokey Bear. I knew that Smokey was based on a real bear cub who had been rescued from a forest fire but I knew nothing else about his history until I recently read an article about Capitan, New Mexico.

According to the U.S. Forest Service website on Smokey, the original Smokey Bear was a fictional bear dreamed up as a symbol in 1944 for the Forest Service’s campaign on forest fire prevention. However, in 1950, his name was bestowed on a bear cub who was rescued from a forest fire in New Mexico.

There were two back-to-back forest fires in early May 1950 in the Capitan Mountains, which are part of the Lincoln National Forest. The first began on May 4th and burned about 1,000 acres before it was brought under control on May 6th. On that same day, however, a second fire, the Capitan Gap fire started and, due to high winds, it quickly raged out of control. On May 9th, firefighters from Taos Pueblo and soldiers from Fort Bliss discovered a tiny North American Black Bear cub who had survived the fire. The soldiers rescued the cub whom they named initially named Hotfoot Teddy. Shortly thereafter they changed his name to Smokey Bear after the fictional character. A New Mexico game warden named Ray Bell realized the cub needed specialized attention and arranged for the cub to be flown to Santa Fe for treatment by veterinarian Dr. Ed Smith.

After recovering, the bear cub was moved to the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.  According to Timeless Heritage: A History of the Forest Service in the Southwest, 1998, the bear was flown to Washington and met by a company of dignitaries, including Senator Chavez of New Mexico.

In 1952, Congress passed a law (ch. 327, 66 Stat. 92) prohibiting the use or manufacture of the character Smokey Bear by unauthorized persons. The law allowed the Secretary of Agriculture to authorize specific persons to use the Smokey Bear character. This law also directed the Secretary to deposit in a special account fees collected from the authorized use of the Smokey Bear character. These fees were to be used “for furthering the nationwide forest-fire prevention campaign.”

In the meantime, as the living representative of the Smokey Bear campaign, the bear was so popular and received so many letters when he lived at the zoo, that he was issued his own zip code. Smokey lived at the zoo for 26 years until he died in 1976. His body was sent back to Capitan, New Mexico, where it is buried. The New Mexico Energy, Mineral and Natural Resources Department now operates a park that houses his body and hosts exhibits focusing on forest health and fire ecology. However, as a symbol, Smokey Bear lives on and in 2019 celebrated his 75th birthday as the symbol of forest fire prevention.

Smokey Bear billboard on Route 40, Baltimore / photograph by Kelly Goles

A final note on the name Smokey Bear versus “Smokey the Bear.” According to the New Mexico Smokey Bear Historic Park website, a “the” was added to Smokey’s name when a song was written about the bear so the lyrics would match the melody.

NEW POLL: NC continues to reject Biden

Source: US National Republican Congressional Committee

The following text contains opinion that is not, or not necessarily, that of MIL-OSI –

A new poll shows only 38% of North Carolinians approve of Joe Biden and 56% disapprove.

This is BAD news for Deborah Ross who supports Biden’s failed leadership and radical agenda.

NRCC Comment: “North Carolinians are already rejecting Joe Biden’s radical agenda and it will doom Deborah Ross in 2022.” –NRCC Spokeswoman Camille Gallo