H.R. 7174, National Computer Forensics Institute Reauthorization Act of 2022

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 7174 would reauthorize the National Computer Forensics Institute at the Department of Homeland Security through fiscal year 2032. The current authorization for this program expires at the end of fiscal year 2022. The bill would require the institute to update its curriculum to include investigating cybersecurity incidents, conducting forensic examinations, and using digital evidence in court. Also, the bill would require the institute to analyze how it could expand its capacity and to report to the Congress on its activities.

The Congress appropriated $43 million for the institute in 2022. Using historical spending patterns and adjusting for inflation, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 7174 would cost $227 million over the 2022-2027 period and an additional $275 million after 2027; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.

S. 3025, Servicemembers and Veterans Empowerment and Support Act of 2021

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

The bill would
• Make it easier for veterans to establish that certain mental health conditions were caused by sexual trauma during their military service
• Increase health care services for veterans with mental health conditions that result from sexual trauma during their military service
• Require the Department of Veterans Affairs to institute a 3-year pilot program to provide intensive outpatient mental health care when wait times for residential mental health care exceed 14 days
• Expand eligibility for counseling and treatment of health conditions that result from sexual trauma during military service to all former reservists and National Guard members
• Require several reports and studies

Estimated budgetary effects would mainly stem from
• Increased disability compensation and increased health care costs for veterans determined to have mental health conditions caused by sexual trauma
• Health care costs for veterans who become newly eligible for counseling and treatment

Areas of significant uncertainty include
• Estimating the number of veterans who would have new or higher disability ratings
• Anticipating the number of veterans who would receive additional health care

S. 4000, Intragovernmental Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

S. 4000 would require the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide the Congress with data on cyber threats to the information technology networks of the legislative branch. Under the bill, DHS would share classified and unclassified indicators of malicious cyber activity with the Congress. DHS also would offer workspace to Congressional cybersecurity personnel at the operations centers of the department.

H.R. 7277, Improving Oversight of Veterans Community Care Providers Act of 2022

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 7277 would require the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to implement a plan for improving its ability to identify health care providers that are ineligible to participate in the Veterans Community Care Program. Under the plan, VA would automatically check whether providers are designated as ineligible on other lists managed by the Department of Health and Human Services and by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. VA also would be required to analyze the efficacy of allowing providers to self-certify their eligibility to participate in the program.

H.R. 7393, Improving VA Workforce Through Minority-serving Institutions Act of 2022

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 7393 would require the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to develop a plan to recruit and hire diverse candidates. Under the plan, VA would be required to partner with minority-serving institutions to find candidates and to encourage individuals from underserved communities to serve in the Senior Executive Service at VA. VA would be required to report to the Congress on its implementation of the plan within 180 days of enactment.

H.R. 7180, Brycen Gray and Ben Price COVID-19 Cognitive Research Act

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 7180 would authorize the appropriation of $10 million in 2023 for the National Science Foundation (NSF) to award grants for research on the disruption of cognitive processes from COVID-19 infections and to enter into an agreement with the National Academies to complete a related study.

In recent years, the NSF has awarded several million dollars annually, on average, for similar grants. Based on historical spending patterns for similar programs, and assuming appropriation of the authorized amount, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 7180 would cost $10 million over the 2022-2027 period.

The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, fall within budget function 250 (general space, science, and technology).

S. 1631, Arizona Experiment Station Land Conveyance Act of 2022

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

S. 1631 would direct the Forest Service to convey 13.3 acres of federal land in Coconino National Forest to the University of Arizona if the university requests to acquire the land at market value. For this estimate, CBO assumes that the university would offer to acquire the land.

Proceeds from the conveyance would be classified in the budget as offsetting receipts, which are recorded as reductions in direct spending. Using information on land values in nearby areas, CBO estimates that any proceeds would total less than $500,000 and would thus reduce direct spending by the same amount over the 2022-2032 period.

Based on the costs of similar tasks, CBO estimates that any costs incurred by the Forest Service to conduct an appraisal and finalize the conveyance would be insignificant; any spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.

H.R. 5093, Wind River Administrative Site Conveyance Act

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 5093 would direct the Forest Service to convey 23 acres of federal land in Skamania County, Washington, without consideration and subject to valid existing rights, if the county requests to acquire the land. For this estimate, CBO assumes that the county, which currently leases the federal land from the Forest Service, would submit such a request.

Although the conveyance could occur under existing authorities, CBO expects that the county will continue to lease the property under current law, though in recent years, the agency has waived lease payments. Those payments are recorded in the budget as offsetting receipts, or reductions in direct spending, and are available for the Forest Service to spend without further appropriation. Using information from the Forest Service, CBO estimates that any future lease payments will total less than $50,000 annually and will be spent soon after their collection. Under H.R. 5093, the agency would forgo those payments and the associated spending; thus, the net effect on direct spending would be negligible.

Under the bill, the county would pay the closing costs of the conveyance. CBO estimates that any costs incurred by the Forest Service to conduct a land survey and other reviews would be insignificant; any spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.

H.R. 5460, Virgin Islands Visa Waiver Act of 2022

Source: US Congressional Budget Office

H.R. 5460 would allow the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to waive visa requirements for foreign visitors from certain Caribbean countries who are seeking to enter the U.S. Virgin Islands for a stay of up to 45 days. DHS would need to consult with the Departments of the Interior and State and the Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands to determine whether it has developed adequate arrival and departure control systems to ensure the waiver would not threaten the security of the United States. Countries deemed to threaten security or that increase fraud or abuse of the nonimmigrant waiver system would be excluded from the waiver program established in the bill.

CBO expects that enacting the bill would decrease revenues because fewer people would require visas issued by the Department of State. Although most visa fees are retained by the department and spent without further appropriation, some fees are recorded as revenues and deposited into the Treasury. The bill would direct DHS within one year of enactment to establish an administrative processing fee to be collected from foreign visitors seeking to enter the U.S. Virgin Islands under the visa waiver program. The fee, which would be recorded as a revenue would be set at a level to recoup processing costs and offset reduced collections of the nonimmigrant visa fee or electronic travel authorization fee that would otherwise be collected from foreign visitors. CBO estimates that, on net, those changes would result in an insignificant increase in revenues in each year and over the 2022-2032 period.